AMD EPYC 4004 Benchmarks: Outperforms Intel Xeon E-2400 with Performance, Efficiency and Value Rating

AMD EPYC 4004 processors

AMD EPYC 4004 processors

In recent years we’ve seen AMD Ryzen processors being used for low-cost servers, low-cost web hosting platforms, gaming servers, and more. Since the Ryzen 5000 series, we’ve seen ASRock Rack and Supermicro release interesting budget-friendly Ryzen servers and that’s stepped up even further, with the AMD Ryzen 7000 series server performance being excellent thanks to AVX-512 and other improvements that make it even better. practical for such workloads. AMD has now solidified its positioning in entry-level servers with the introduction of the EPYC 4004 series processors. The EPYC 4004 series is derived from the Ryzen 7000 series offering to enable cost-conscious server options and put the Intel Xeon E-2400 series in the crosshairs. This review takes a look at the EPYC 4004 series along with benchmarks of almost the entire EPYC 4004 product stack compared to Intel’s current top-end Xeon E-2400 series processor, the Intel Xeon E-2488 Raptor Lake.

AMD EPYC 4564P processor

Due to the increasing popularity of Ryzen for entry-level servers in the computer space and customers requiring more formal server capabilities and certifications, AMD moved to create the EPYC 4000 series. It makes a lot of sense and something I had wondered about in recent years when AMD promoted both EPYC and then “Ryzen for servers” with the mixed branding. The need for the new series also makes sense to secure a larger share of the entry-level server market, with the EPYC 9004 series scaling back to just the 16-core EPYC 9124, but most low-core server implementations number do not require up to 12 memory channels and the total platform cost is higher with the EPYC 9004 series. With the newer AMD EPYC 8004 “Siena” processors they go back to the 8-core 8024P/8024PN, but again cheaper servers that probably don’t need the six-channel memory, making the cost too high. With the AMD EPYC 4004 series, there are now dual-channel memory and CPU options ranging from 4 to 16 cores, in line with the Ryzen 7000 series, while having enterprise-class features and support.

AMD EPYC generations

The AMD EPYC 4004 series targets customers with the lowest purchase costs, while the servers/motherboards coming to market for this new class of EPYC processors will include enterprise-class features such as BMC, software RAID, server OS certifications, ECC memory support, etc. This class of server processors as the EPYC 4000 series instead of “Ryzen for servers” cleans up the landscape given the wide range of available Ryzen desktop/server/workstation motherboards and other factors. It also makes it easier to buy new servers/motherboards when looking for the EPYC 4004 series, rather than going through a wide range of Ryzen options.

AMD EPYC 4004 vs Ryzen for servers

I did ask AMD about the future of “Ryzen for servers”: it will continue to exist. For those who aren’t concerned about enterprise features/ratings and just want to put together a Ryzen server-like box, there will still be that ecosystem and new motherboards from partners. One concern I raised in particular was whether the introduction of the EPYC 4000 series could spell the end of Ryzen ECC motherboards… Fortunately, I’m told, that won’t be the case and motherboard suppliers can continue to offer Ryzen ECC server motherboards and the like. AMD recognizes that there are customers who want this and it makes business sense to have Ryzen as servers.

Comparison AMD EPYC 4004 vs Intel Xeon E-2400

EPYC 4004 series processors support dual-channel UDIMM memory up to DDR5-5200 speeds. A total of up to 192 GB of DDR5 memory is supported, compared to the Xeon E-2400 series’ 128 GB. The new EPYC 4004 SKUs are aligned with their Ryzen 7000 series counterparts. Prices for the EPYC 4004 series range from the EPYC 4124P 4-core processor for $149 USD to the 16-core EPYC 4564P (equivalent to the Ryzen 9 7950X) for $699 USD. The EPYC 4584PX as the Ryzen 9 7950X3D equivalent with 3D V-Cache is also listed for $699. For example, the list price matches the list price of the Ryzen 9 7950 parts, but we have the Ryzen 7000 series prices in seeing a decline at retail, where for example the 7950X3D can be purchased for around $565. We’ll see how the pricing turns out, but at least for list prices, it’s on par with the Ryzen 7000 series.

AMD EPYC 4004 SKU table

The EPYC 4000 class processors directly target Intel Xeon E processors. But AMD has the big upper hand for those concerned about performance on entry-level servers. The current flagship of the Xeon E-2400 Raptor Lake processors is the 5.6GHz. This 95 Watt TDP processor supports up to two channels of DDR5-4800 memory (less than the DDR5-5200 with EPYC 4004) and is derived from Raptor Lake and does not have AVX-512. This flagship 8-core/16-thread Xeon E-2400 series processor has a list price of $606 USD… The $329 and the EPYC 4364P is $399 for those 8-core parts) and the EPYC 4004 series has AVX-512, DDR5-5200 support, and higher up the stack are the 12-core and 16-core options, as well as the 3D V -Cache “X” variants. The EPYC 4004 series is quite versatile and more capable than current Xeon E-2400 series processors.

AMD EPYC 4004 diagram

Over time, the EPYC 4000 family may gain more features that can better differentiate them from Ryzen parts in future generations. Although the AMD EPYC 4004 family already has a lot of potential to compete with the Intel Xeon E-class servers.

AMD EPYC 4004 Benefits

I’ve been testing the AMD EPYC 4004 series processors for several weeks and have plenty of benchmarks to share in time for launch day. Thanks to AMD for shipping all the EPYC 4004 processors and to Supermicro for shipping two of their new EPYC 4004 series platforms… Let’s move on to take a look at some EPYC 4004 hardware and benchmarks.

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